Of course, it is so easy to say these things. Everybody is saying them. But should we not expect our Archbishops to stand back, reflect and comment on those areas where they can really bring their expertise to bear? It would be reasonable, for example, for the Archbishops to call for morality and honesty in financial dealings. They could also call for self restraint on behalf of those who wish to consume beyond their means – indeed the Archbishop of York did say this to be fair. But they should also recognise that identifying immorality and high-handed dealing in the financial system gets us nowhere in terms of deciding whether we should regulate more. And their blanket condemnation of short selling is bizarre. Why do the Archbishops assume that man is imperfectible when acting within financial markets but not examine the implications of that assumption when proposing to give more power to regulators? Whether this omission is a failure of logic, theology or economics is a moot point – probably it is a failure of all three. But, the Archbishops only need to look at some of the developments in the current crisis to see the importance of this point. The current crisis almost certainly has its underlying cause in the loose monetary policy followed by government-owned institutions. Furthermore, we have the most heavily regulated financial system in our history and many of the paper instruments that are created are designed specifically to avoid the over-regulation of particular parts of that system. And the regulators have hardly covered themselves with glory when they have intervened. The FSA, despite literally thousands of pages of regulations, seemed to ignore illiquidity risks in a major bank. Indeed, one of its regulations specifically appeared to prevent the Bank of England from extending lender of last resort facilities to a bank with liquidity difficulties without the Bank informing the whole market and thus causing a run!
The Archbishops should call for moral restraint, prudence and reflection but the only way that their statements can be justified is if we assume away the problem of the imperfectibility of man – in which case we would never have had a problem in the first place. Their statements might have been expected from an atheist rationalist in the French Revolution but they are not appropriate from twenty-first century Christian leaders.
Philip Booth is the editor of Catholic Social Teaching and the Market Economy