Coin Line
Gordon Brown may be advocating a further fiscal stimulus as a means to promote economic recovery at today’s G20 meeting, but, certainly in Britain’s case, implementing such a policy would be reckless in the extreme.

The Bank of England is pursuing a policy of quantitative easing by buying assets (both corporate bonds and gilts) from non-bank financial institutions. The sellers receive bank deposits in exchange for their assets, thereby increasing the amount of money in the economy. In this way the Bank hopes to offset the deflationary pressures created by the collapse in bank lending.

At some point in the future, bank lending will recover and the velocity of money will increase. The Bank will then wish to reverse the quantitative easing process in order to mop up excess liquidity and avoid high inflation. It can do so by selling the bonds it holds back to non-bank financial institutions, thereby reducing their bank deposits.

But selling these assets will be far more difficult if the market for gilts is already saturated as a result of very high levels of government borrowing. The government is likely to have to raise in excess of £150 billion a year in the medium term. A key question is whether it will be possible for the Bank to sell its assets on top of this, without bond yields rising significantly. If investors are not reassured that quantitative easing is being reversed quickly enough then they may also demand higher yields in the form of an inflation risk premium.

Given high levels of debt, such a rise in bond yields will, of course, damage the prospects of economic recovery – perhaps causing a double-dip recession – and put further strains on the banking sector. It could also prove difficult for the government to service its own repayments. This is the reality of the government massively increasing its borrowing. One way or another, life must be made more difficult for the private sector – in the medium term if not sooner. Indeed, all these pressures may lead to the government inflating away its debts – thus justifying the market’s fears of higher inflation.

Given these horrific risks, the government needs to act quickly. It needs to reassure the markets by slashing its borrowing. This means large spending cuts in the forthcoming Budget. Fiscal policy is set to run against the grain of monetary policy if government spending is not reined in.

Richard-Wellings-2012b.JPG

Director

Richard Wellings was educated at Oxford and the London School of Economics, completing a PhD on transport and environmental policy at the latter in 2004. He joined the Institute in 2006 as Deputy Editorial Director. Richard is the author, co-author or editor of several papers, books and reports, including Towards Better Transport (Policy Exchange, 2008), A Beginner’s Guide to Liberty (Adam Smith Institute, 2009), High Speed 2: The Next Government Project Disaster? (IEA , 2011) and Which Road Ahead - Government or Market? (IEA, 2012). He is a Senior Fellow of the Cobden Centre and the Economic Policy Centre.

4 thoughts on “G20: cutting public spending should be the main priority”

  1. Posted 02/04/2009 at 14:49 | Permalink

    Sorry, “Doing everything it takes” means “Doing as much as possible with as much money as possible”, and not, as you or I might assume “Doing less of the wrong things”.

  2. Posted 02/04/2009 at 14:49 | Permalink

    Sorry, “Doing everything it takes” means “Doing as much as possible with as much money as possible”, and not, as you or I might assume “Doing less of the wrong things”.

  3. Posted 02/04/2009 at 16:50 | Permalink

    Politicians don’t necessarily want to act: they want to seem to be acting. ‘Human pretence of action’ would be a nice title for a book explaining this phenomenon in full.

    Soon after becoming Chancellor of the Exchequer, Geoffrey Howe was asked what he was going to do about some ‘problem’, to which he replied: ‘Nothing. It’s nothing to do with us.’ The interviewer was flabbergasted — indeed he seemed unable to comprehend the answer.

    At the Harvard Business School they teach that ‘Do nothing’ is always an alternative worth keeping in mind. That advice alone is worth the tuition cost!

    Let’s have a competition to identify government non-agenda on which to save taxpayers’ money.

  4. Posted 02/04/2009 at 16:50 | Permalink

    Politicians don’t necessarily want to act: they want to seem to be acting. ‘Human pretence of action’ would be a nice title for a book explaining this phenomenon in full.

    Soon after becoming Chancellor of the Exchequer, Geoffrey Howe was asked what he was going to do about some ‘problem’, to which he replied: ‘Nothing. It’s nothing to do with us.’ The interviewer was flabbergasted — indeed he seemed unable to comprehend the answer.

    At the Harvard Business School they teach that ‘Do nothing’ is always an alternative worth keeping in mind. That advice alone is worth the tuition cost!

    Let’s have a competition to identify government non-agenda on which to save taxpayers’ money.

Comments are closed.