A record needs putting straight – Blanchflower on Radio 5

Yesterday morning, in response to Mark Carney’s decision to issue forward guidance in relation to the Bank of England’s monetary policy decisions, I released a quotation to the press:

‘This is the most dangerous development in UK monetary policy since the late 1980s. Monetary policy should be designed to ensure that we have stable prices. The level of unemployment is mainly determined by a range of factors such a labour market regulation, the benefits system, tax rates and so on. To try to use monetary policy to reduce unemployment when inflation is already above target is playing with fire and could lead us down the road that we followed in the 1970s.

‘This move also calls into question the independence of the Monetary Policy Committee and the Bank of England’s ability to fulfil its statutory duties.’ 

All these things are true – though a clarification I was not aware of at the time I wrote the statement means that the forward guidance is somewhat more innocuous than I realised at the time. How can the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) take independent decisions if its hands are tied by prior commitments? How can the requirement to promote stable prices or low inflation be maintained if monetary policy will remain loose despite inflation being above target for nearly four years? The Bank has also decided that, in the long term (and remember that the financial crash started at least five years ago), there is a trade-off between inflation and unemployment and that unemployment can be kept low by taking bigger risks with inflation. Misdiagnosing the cause of low growth and high unemployment and blaming such things on a ‘shortage of aggregate demand’ was precisely what got us into the mess of the 1970s. Though the forward guidance is ‘switched off’ if there is a 50 per cent chance, according to the Bank’s models, of inflation being 0.5% above target, the Bank has shown itself unable to meet a simple inflation target and has had significant upside biases. The new arrangement will leave markets puzzled as to the long-term policy and underlying intellectual framework. Markets will also be suspicious that, if the Bank cannot meet a simple inflation mandate, it will throw caution to the wind with this new approach.

This is bad news.

The IEA statement was put to David Blanchflower, a former MPC member on Radio 5 Live (Segment at 1:14:30). He responded by saying that he was pleased that we had said this because everything that the IEA had said in the recent past was wrong. Blanchflower has a poor record when it comes to predicting the future, as we shall see. However, he really has no excuse for not being able to assess the past and a few facts might help him.

I wonder if Blanchflower was warning in letters to the Financial Times about the dangers of loose monetary policy around 2006. I don’t think so. But, this IEA commentator, with a number of Shadow Monetary Policy Committee (SMPC) colleagues, certainly was doing so. If Blanchflower had taken more notice, the world might have been spared a little pain.

As it happens, both Blanchflower and the IEA’s SMPC called for a reduction in interest rates when the money supply started collapsing after the financial crash. Perhaps that makes it 2-1 to the IEA.

In relation to a different issue, at roughly the time I and others from the IEA were on the Jeff Randall show suggesting that job turnover was so great that the private sector was easily capable of creating sufficient jobs to replace those let go in the public sector, David Blanchflower was saying: ‘that any cuts in public spending could force unemployment up from its current 2.5 million to four million over the coming years.’ He speculated that unemployment might rise to 5 million. That is at least 3-1 to the IEA (though I think we deserve two goals for that), though, I suppose, it could be argued that Blanchflower simply did not understand Osborne’s plans and did not realise that there were not going to be spending cuts. If so, that is no excuse.

In 2010, around the beginning of a period of three years of above-target inflation, Blanchflower said that the best course to avoid the possibility of a deflationary future would be to do more to stimulate the economy now. Only after this has started to bear fruit, he went on, should attention turn to cutting public expenditure. The deflationary future was never going to happen – as we warned.

It is also worth noting that immediately after Osborne’s first budget IEA commentators started to point out the potential for a growth and productivity crisis despite the possibility of a relatively stronger labour market. Indeed, IEA author, David Smith pointed out precisely these risks in a 2006 IEA monograph. That is something else we seemed to have judged correctly.

Growth is promoted by good micro-economic and stable macro-economic conditions. The idea that the economy is simply a set of accounting identities so that a bit more growth can be obtained by increasing government spending, is something that would even fail an AS level in economics. These things are well understood by IEA authors. As an institution, the IEA is often suspicious of forecasters (though we count many among our authors). However, the IEA has not been consistently wrong as Blanchflower suggested. Quite the reverse. Those who understand how an economy works will get the basic trends or ‘pattern predictions’ right. On the other hand, I am not sure that these economic basics are well understood by people who make wild predictions that are way off the mark.

Academic and Research Director, IEA

Philip Booth is Senior Academic Fellow at the Institute of Economic Affairs. He is also Director of the Vinson Centre and Professor of Economics at the University of Buckingham and Professor of Finance, Public Policy and Ethics at St. Mary’s University, Twickenham. He also holds the position of (interim) Director of Catholic Mission at St. Mary’s having previously been Director of Research and Public Engagement and Dean of the Faculty of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences. From 2002-2016, Philip was Academic and Research Director (previously, Editorial and Programme Director) at the IEA. From 2002-2015 he was Professor of Insurance and Risk Management at Cass Business School. He is a Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Federal Studies at the University of Kent and Adjunct Professor in the School of Law, University of Notre Dame, Australia. Previously, Philip Booth worked for the Bank of England as an adviser on financial stability issues and he was also Associate Dean of Cass Business School and held various other academic positions at City University. He has written widely, including a number of books, on investment, finance, social insurance and pensions as well as on the relationship between Catholic social teaching and economics. He is Deputy Editor of Economic Affairs. Philip is a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, a Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries and an honorary member of the Society of Actuaries of Poland. He has previously worked in the investment department of Axa Equity and Law and was been involved in a number of projects to help develop actuarial professions and actuarial, finance and investment professional teaching programmes in Central and Eastern Europe. Philip has a BA in Economics from the University of Durham and a PhD from City University.

3 thoughts on “A record needs putting straight – Blanchflower on Radio 5”

  1. Posted 08/08/2013 at 11:09 | Permalink

    ” I suppose, it could be argued that Blanchflower simply did not understand Osborne’s plans and did not realise that there were not going to be spending cuts.”

    Blanchflower still didn’t understand this even as Osborne’s plan was executed – he was still writing ridiculous articles in The Independent referring to him as “slasher Osborne”.

    I and other people have tackled him on this. When backed into a corner and proven wrong by people armed with indisputable facts, he merely stops responding. And then he writes the same old nonsense in his next article, presumably on the basis that you can fool some of the people all of the time.

  2. Posted 09/08/2013 at 20:33 | Permalink

    It is not such a bad thing that Blanchflower keeps his antagonism against the IEA in the media. It gives you the chance to respond with neatly filleted responses. Like this one. Good one Philip !

  3. Posted 13/08/2013 at 05:01 | Permalink

    Who was it who aptly ladled Blanchflower, “Krugman Lite”?

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