Research

IEA Current Controversies 71

There is a long history of governments and incumbent vested interests restricting competition in broadcasting for their own ends. Those interests have subtly changed the definition of public service broadcasting in a way that seems to serve producer interests rather than being helpful in informing good public policy debate. The current definition of public service ... Continue reading
Research

IEA releases briefing on the reality of customs union membership

Summary:  A customs union with the EU would come with significant costs to the UK’s economic, trade and foreign policies. Such an arrangement would also fail, by itself, to eliminate trade ‘friction’ with the EU. To do so would also require alignment with the Single Market rules for goods. A customs union would also come ... Continue reading
Research

IEA publishes report on the EEA and EFTA models to leave the European Union

Summary:  There seem to be three broad variations to the EEA model: Not joining the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and ‘continuing’ as party to the EEA Agreement Joining EFTA, and then becoming party to the EEA Agreement as an EFTA member Joining EFTA as an Associate Member and then becoming an EFTA party to ... Continue reading
Research

A re-examination of state-funded activism

Summary: Following on from research published by the IEA between 2012 and 2014, this discussion paper revisits the issue of state-funded activism in the UK and EU. It starts with the hypothesis that there has been a decline in taxpayers’ money given to political advocacy groups because (1) budget cuts under ‘austerity’ have made less ... Continue reading
Research

No-Deal Fear Checker, No 8

According to the latest Whitehall analysis, the UK economy could be between 6.3% and 10.7% smaller in a no-deal scenario, compared to remaining in the EU. These figures refer to the level of GDP around 15 years after the UK’s new relationship with the EU comes into effect. Another study by the Bank of England ... Continue reading

Trade sanctions rarely work & create substantial costs for the world economy, says new IEA report

Summary: During the twentieth century, economic sanctions became more prevalent. In the twenty-first century they have become a frequently used tool for governments seeking to change the behaviour of other countries.  An extensive research literature exists on the effectiveness of sanctions. Overall the research shows that sanctions very rarely achieve foreign policy goals. At the ... Continue reading
Research

Julian Jessop analyses the proposed Withdrawal Agreement

Summary UK and EU officials have agreed the text of a draft Withdrawal Agreement and an outline of a ‘political declaration’ on the future UK-EU relationship. The transition period anticipated in the Withdrawal Agreement will effectively keep the UK in the Customs Union and the Single Market until the end of 2020, with all ‘four ... Continue reading
Research

No-Deal Fear Checker, No. 6

Although the EU has been influential in the development of equalities legislation, Brexit would be unlikely to put these rights in jeopardy. Historically, the UK has led the way when it comes to women’s rights and workplace and family protections, and this will surely continue. The worry that undermining women’s rights is part of a ... Continue reading
Research

No-Deal Brexit Fear-Checker, No. 3

Governments and operators on both sides of the border are committed to maintain the Single Electricity Market (SEM). This is also in keeping with the EU’s stated commitment to deliver competitive energy market and value to consumers, as its termination would be prejudicial not just to NI but to consumers in the ROI. Given the ... Continue reading
Research

No-Deal Brexit Fear-Checker, No. 2

This briefing on roaming charges argues that this problem is hugely exaggerated. But it also sets out two options for the Government to prevent consumers facing higher phone bills in a no-deal scenario. Solutions include: • Replicate the existing arrangements by retaining restrictions on retail roaming charges in UK law unilaterally. This could be overseen ... Continue reading